Joseph Henry, a physicist and professor at the College of New Jersey, served as the first Secretary from 1846 to 1878. Henry formulated a Programme of Organization for the Institution; oversaw construction of the Smithsonian Institution Building, The Castle; developed scientific research laboratories; initiated a publication series; and eliminated the National Library from the Smithsonian.More
Secretaries of the Smithsonian
The Secretary of the Smithsonian is its chief executive officer. Read about the twelve individuals who have led the Institution since 1846.